SAP Basis Homogeneous - SAP Basis

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SAP Business Application Programming Interface (BAPI)
It is possible to specify a trace level for each rule in the ACL file to monitor each communication channel individually. It can be used with SNC without any further configuration. The use of the file is controlled by the gw/acl_file parameter by simply setting it to the appropriate file name. Use of external programmes If an external programme wants to communicate with your SAP system, it must first register at the gateway. The programmes which this is approved are controlled by the reginfo ACL file. This defines rules that allow or prohibit certain programmes. The syntax of the file allows you to define not only the name of the programme, but also the host on which the programme runs and hosts that can use and exit the programme. The gw/reg_info parameter must be set to use this file. In addition, there is the ACL file secinfo, which allows to configure which users can start an external programme. This defines rules that allow certain usernames from the SAP system to use certain external programmes. In addition, you can also define the hosts on which these programmes will run. For example, it is possible to allow a user to run the programme "BSP" on the host "XYZ", but not on the host "ABC". This file is controlled by the gw/sec_info parameter. Using the gateway as a proxy Since the gateway of your SAP system can also serve as a proxy server, the prxyinfo ACLDatei should also be activated via the gw/prxy_info parameter. Suppose you have 3 SAP systems in your network: SRC, TRG and PRX. If SRC cannot communicate directly with TRG, but both with PRX it would be possible to use the gateway of the PRX system as a proxy server, i.e. to communicate via it. So, in order to prevent this from happening to everyone, this property should be urgently restricted. As with the other ACL files, rules are defined which hosts can communicate with which hosts via the gateway. The syntax of the different ACL files may vary depending on the release level. It is therefore advisable to read them in the appropriate SAP documentation before activating the ACL files. You can also find more support for using ACL files in the SAP Community Wiki.

Of course, SAP administration is carried out by certified and experienced employees. This provides security for the SAP installations as well as for the sometimes quite complex update and upgrade projects.
Incident Management
A secure SAP system does not only include a good role concept. It is also necessary to check whether a user should (still) have a specific role. Regular verification of role assignment is called recertification. In this blog post, I'd like to introduce you to the need for recertifications and our own tool, EasyReCert. The need for recertification - scenarios: Example 1: The "apprentice problem" Imagine the following scenario: A new employee (e.g. apprenticeship or trainee) will go through various departments as part of his or her training and will work on various projects. Of course, an SAP User will be made available to your employee right at the beginning, which is equipped with appropriate roles. As each project and department passes, the employee repeatedly needs new permissions to meet the requirements. After the employee has successfully completed his or her induction and is now in a permanent position, he or she still has permissions that are not necessary to perform his or her duties. This violates the principle of "last privilede" and represents a potential security risk for your company. Example 2: The change of department The change of department is one scenario that probably occurs in every company. If a change of department does not automatically involve a complete reallocation of roles and the employee simply takes his old permissions with him, critical combinations of permissions can occur very quickly. For example, an employee who has permissions in accounts payable and accounts receivable violates the SoD ("Segregation of Duties") principle and poses a potential security risk to your company. Recertification as part of a revision: The two examples above show that a regular review of role allocation identifies potential security risks for your business and can be addressed.

There are the following reasons that may lead to the termination of this step: CANNOT_GET_OBJECT_LIST: The Object List for a Support Package could not be found because the Support Package does not exist. CANNOT_CHECK_LOCKS: An error occurred while detecting the locks of an object in the queue. OBJECTS_LOCKED_IN_REQUESTS: Objects found in unreleased jobs. Release these jobs before you resume playing. SCHEDULE_RDDIMPDP In this step the transport daemon (programme RDDIMPDP) is planned. There are the following reasons that may lead to the termination of this step: CANNOT_SCHEDULE_RDDIMPDP: The RDDIMPDP job could not be scheduled. Enter the transaction SM37 (job selection), enter the following parameters, and select Next: Job Name RDDIMPDP Username Start by Event SAP_TRIGGER_RDDIMPDP Select the job that was cancelled and view the job log.

"Shortcut for SAP Systems" makes it easier and quicker to complete a number of SAP basis tasks.

It is primarily a matter of positioning within the IT organisation and defining or positioning the other IT departments that can be considered as competitors in the context of this step.

For example, a query can be used to read the entire user table.
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