SAP Basis User and security management - SAP Basis

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User and security management
Enterprise risk analysis
SAP Basis ensures smooth operation of the SAP Basis system. The SAP Basis system is a kind of operating system of the R/3 system or SAP ERP. It includes three layers: database, application and presentation. In addition, Basis includes many SAP middleware programs and administration tools. With Basis SAP applications can be used compatible and independent of operating system and database and can be enriched with the necessary data.

First you have to create an area menu in the area menu maintenance with the transaction code SE43 or SE43N. Then add the created menu to the SAP standard menu S000.
SAP Basis
There are several ways to introduce and operate new applications. As a company you have the choice between internal realisation and operation, outsourcing, cloud computing and so-called outtasking. In deciding on one of the above concepts, the SAP basis must be included for the evaluation of various technological and operational aspects, which offers the possibility to develop a sound decision. This decision has a significant impact on the future operation of SAP and the associated operating and maintenance costs. The recommendations listed here are intended to help you decide on other forms of service. Information on the recommendation can be found in the Master's thesis in chapters 7.8 and 9.6.

If your system is already above SAP NetWeaver Release 7.0, then you must either import SAP Note 1731549 or a corresponding Support Package. Afterwards, when creating new users, it is no longer possible to assign user names that are only composed of variants of spaces or other invisible special characters. Important: Changes to already existing users with these names or their deletion option are not affected by this! The SAP Note also adds the customizing switch BNAME_RESTRICT, whereupon you can control yourself whether alternative spaces are allowed to appear in certain places in the user name. For this, the following values must be set in the customizing table PRGN_CUST: NO = The alternative spaces are still allowed in the user name. ALL = The character set is reduced to a defined range, excluding certain special characters because they have specific meanings in certain operating systems or databases. This predefined character set is: ABCDEFGHIJKLNMOPQRSTUVWXYZ_0123456789,;-§&()={[]}+#. FME = The letters F, M and E stand for Front, Middle and End. With an 'X' in this three-digit switch value you can now explicitly specify at which position in the user name no wide spaces and control characters may occur. All combinations are possible, e.g.: XME = None of these special characters may occur at the BEGINNING of the user name. XMX = In the user name none of these special characters may occur at the BEGINNING and at the END. FME = One of these special characters may occur at any position in the user name (this corresponds to the default setting, i.e. as if no entry was maintained in PRGN_CUST for the switch). SAP recommends the use of the value ALL.

Tools such as "Shortcut for SAP Systems" complement missing functions in the SAP basis area.

Resource management such as memory, buffers, etc.

After the query is executed, the transactions entered will now show those that the user can already perform.
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