SAP Authorizations Authorizations in SAP systems: what admins should look out for - SAP Basis

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Authorizations in SAP systems: what admins should look out for
Analyzing the quality of the authorization concept - Part 1
When the auth/authorisation_trace parameter is turned on, external services are written to the USOBHASH table and permission checks are logged in the USOB_AUTHVALTRC table. You can now use the contents of this table to apply the checked objects and values from the trace to the suggestion values in the transaction SU24. Because it is a dynamic profile parameter, it is reset when the application server is launched. Now open the transaction SU24 and you will find your own UIK component as an external service. Double-clicking on this service will tell you that no suggestion values have been maintained there. You can apply these suggested values from the USOB_AUTHVALTRC table. Here you should at least maintain the UIU_COMP authorization object so that this information is loaded into the PFCG role as soon as you include the external service in your role menu.

We advise you not to use the self-set password with a self-service as a generated password is more secure. The password is generated depending on the password rules; This is done by first evaluating the settings in the security policy assigned to the user. If no security policy has been assigned to the user, the system will consider the password rules in the profile parameters and in the customising table PRNG_CUST. In order for the associated security policy to be considered, you may need to include the correction provided with SAP Note 1890833. Remember that the BAPI_USER_CHANGE function block does not automatically unlock the user. In the event of a lock-out due to incorrect logins, you still have to unlock the user using the BAPI_USER_UNLOCK.
Map roles through organisational management
You should not grant large permissions for the SCC4 and SE06 transactions to internal and external auditors, just so that they can see the system modifiability. We present the report, which only requires the permissions a auditor usually has to view the system modifiability. There are several people who want to view the system modifiability settings in your system for specific reasons. These can be internal auditors, auditors or developers. The display of these settings, e.g. via the SCC4 or SE06 transactions, is not in itself critical; However, this has previously required permissions that are not usually assigned to the group of people just described. Since SAP NetWeaver 7.0, there is also a report that shows the system modifiability settings. This report requires only viewing permissions that can be assigned to the above-described group without any concerns. We present the application of this report and the required permissions here.

Make sure that the client-independent tables for logging are always logged when the parameters are not set to OFF. In addition to the parameters listed here, the table itself must also have the table logging hook set; This is usually done with the help of the transaction SE13. The settings are made in development and then transported to the other systems. The SAP standard already provides some tables for logging; For an overview of these tables, see SAP Note 112388 (tables requiring logging). You can evaluate the logging settings of the tables using the RDDPRCHK report or the RDDPRCHK_AUDIT transaction in the SAP system. The selection is made in the start image of the report, e.g. via the table name or the selection of options for logging.

During go-live, the assignment of necessary authorizations is particularly time-critical. The "Shortcut for SAP systems" application provides functions for this purpose, so that the go-live does not get bogged down because of missing authorizations.

The sample function module is basically used to enrich data in the item display.

Since the report updates automatically, companies have no additional effort to document the changes - one less unloved (and often "forgotten") task.
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