SAP Authorizations Basics SAP Authorizations including Fiori - Online Training - SAP Basis

Direkt zum Seiteninhalt
Basics SAP Authorizations including Fiori - Online Training
Advantages of authorization tools
RFC connections are interfaces for many local and global system processes, but also a security-relevant source of errors for many companies. The RFC interfaces and associated system users often have too strong authorizations and can quickly be misused by unauthorized persons to view sensitive company data. It is therefore important to always keep these system connections in the focus of global monitoring and to check which RFC destinations lead where and what they do. For this purpose there is the program RSRFCCHK which allows you to perform specific tests for your RFC system landscape. On the one hand the content of the RFCDES table is checked and on the other hand the corresponding user properties of the system users are displayed as an overview. Consequently, important parameters such as the target machine, the client, the background user or also the password property can be checked in an overview.

The change management process in the SAP® environment can be quite complex. Since program changes are usually transported into the production system, which can potentially have an impact on the annual financial statements, the audit of the process is an essential part of the annual financial statement audit. For this reason, it must be ensured that the process documentation is up-to-date and complete. It must also be ensured that appropriate classifications are defined for various types of change. This is because the process may subsequently differ for each classification. For example, the extent of the test and release steps varies depending on the criticality of the change, and they may even be shortened considerably for low-risk changes. However, it is crucial to justify this in a comprehensible manner. In the change management process, a sufficient test and release phase should be set up by the responsible department. This process step must also be documented in a comprehensible manner, even if it is not always easy to obtain the necessary evidence from the departments. In this process in particular, it is crucial that a clear dual control principle is established, which ensures that the developer is not also the person who ultimately carries out the transport into the productive environment. In preparation, the documentation should therefore be checked for completeness and up-to-dateness and, in a further step, whether the process defined in it has also been followed throughout the year.
Data ownership concept
Which users have a specific role (PFCG)? To answer this question you start with the transaction PFCG - the mother of all transactions in the environment of SAP roles and authorizations. Select a role and click on the "Users" tab.

Permissions must be maintained in every SAP system - a task that becomes more difficult the more complex the system landscapes and the greater the number of users. Especially in growing system landscapes, once defined concepts no longer fit the current requirements or the processes in role and authorisation management become more and more complex and cumbersome over time.

Secure your go-live additionally with "Shortcut for SAP systems". You can assign necessary SAP authorizations quickly and easily directly in the system.

If this is not the case, it is essential to create documentation that cannot be changed, in which it is proven why the assignment was necessary and that the user has not carried out any critical actions beyond this (filing and review of logging).

For the entries in the SPTH table, note that the application defines whether a file is accessed with or without the path.
Zurück zum Seiteninhalt